Advancements made in geothermal energy are among the many hot environmental topics of today. According to Saskatchewan's Ministry of Environment, geothermal energy is described as the recovery of heat from hot water in rocks deep beneath the earth's surface. This heat can be generated as steam energy for electricity, which would help reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
In the Estevan region of the province, there is a formation of rocks, called the Deadwood Formation, that contains water that can be used for the purpose of producing a low-carbon energy source. The water in this area is measured at a temperature of close to 105 C and can be pumped to the Earth's surface to heat homes and other larger buildings.